Ivan Scales is the Harvey McGrath Lecturer in Geography at St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge. His research looks at the role of political, cultural and economic factors in shaping natural resource use (with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa). Current research projects investigate the diversity of environmental values; agriculture and food security; tropical deforestation; and community-based conservation. He has carried out fieldwork in Cameroon, French Guiana, The Gambia, Madagascar and Senegal, and recently edited a book on Conservation and Environmental Management in Madagascar(Routledge, 2014). A Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, a member of the Centre for African Studies, and a member of the University of Cambridge Conservation Research Institute, he received his first degree in Ecology, followed by a Masters in Anthropology and a PhD in Geography.